Who was Jesus?
Who was Jesus?
Answer: The answer to this question is not as easy as saying “He was..” It must be investigated deeper.
Jesus was declared to be “the son of God” throughout the Holy Bible. But in Islam he is one of the greatest prophets mentioned. He is named by his true Arabic name as ‘Isa’. Muslims agree with Christians that his birth was a miracle, born from a pure and chaste mother. Islam also agrees that Isa (PBUH)[Peace and Blessings Be Upon Him] was born with no biological birth father. This is where the difference of the three (3) faiths begins, regarding Jesus (PBUH).
Anyone who has studied the Holy Bible knows the story in the Gospels, of the birth, life and alleged death of Jesus (PBUH), but only the few have really studied in any form of depth and even fewer have questioned the accuracy and authenticity of the books and their authors. Taken as a whole, without consideration of the sources and authors, the biography of Jesus (PBUH) is, indeed one of the greatest stories ever told. But is it real? Let us examine this with a more open mind and using the wisdom we are given to seek knowledge, going straight to the words of Jesus (PBUH) himself, respectfully, direct from today’s Holy Bible (The ‘Authentic’ King James Version)\
The story of his miraculous birth is told in both the Holy Bible and in the Noble Quran:
The Noble Quran says the following regarding the angel announcing to Mary that she will have a child, though she has never been touched by a man:
‘Oh Mary! God gives you glad tidings of a Word from Him. His name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter, and in (the company of) those nearest to God. He shall speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. He shall be (in the company) of the righteous… And God will teach him the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel’” (Quran 3:45-48)
Similarly, the Holy Bible:
Luke 1:32-33: He (Jesus) will be great. Men will call him the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will make him king like his father, David. He will rule over the family of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end.
When read with reason and knowledge of history, one will recognize the commonality between the holy books regarding the position on Jesus is held in high regard for both of the religions. The leading character in all of the monotheist holy books: the Holy Bible, The Holy Torah and The Holy Qur’an; is God (called as Yewah in Judaism; God to the Christians and Allah (swt) to the Muslims- Allah means The God in Arabic)
They say: “the most gracious has betaken a son!” Indeed ye have put forth a thing most monstrous! At it in the skies are about to burst, the earth to split asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin, that they attributed a son to the Most Gracious, for it is not consonant with the majesty of the Most Gracious that he should beget a son (Qur’an 5:88-92)
What dos Jesus say About Himself?
As to the claims that “Jesus is God” and “Jesus is the son of God” Nowhere in the Holy Bible or Holy Qur’an does Jesus (PBUH) claim divinity. In any version of the Holy book! Muslims accept the injeel (the gospels- gospels meaning “a written account”) of the bible, However, Muslims accept them only in their original Greek language and the authors are not Jesus (PBUH) Muslims accept the “Gospel of Jesus (PBUH) If Jesus’ (PBUH) name is on it- if it is proven to be direct from him, himself, Muslims must accept it as truth. There is no “Gospel of Jesus (PBUH) “in the Holy Bible, therefore Muslims’ acceptance of the Gospels are limited. Muslims cannot say that the entire Holy Bible is false (only Allah swt knows) because Muslims do believe that some of it was indeed inspired and given to prophets before Jesus’ time but only those that were the ‘original books” as opposed to todays’ mistranslated and deceiving books. No one knows where all of the actual original manuscripts of the books of the bible are, today. In fact, most have probably deteriorated through the ages. In those times, there was no technology in order to reprint and copy the books. They were essentially hand-written scrolls written in ancient Hebrew (Old-Testament) and in ancient Greek (New Testament) Jesus himself spoke in ancient Aramaic, a sister language similar to Arabic. This is discussed further in the “History” page of this answer, and is necessary to gain a full and complete, factual understanding of who Jesus (PBUH) truly was.
Now, to continue with the answer of “Who was Jesus (PBUH), let us examine what Jesus (PBUH) says about himself, using the Holy Bible as our source, for the sake of ‘authority’ all verses used throughout this report come from ‘The Authorized King James Version’ of the Holy Bible.
No one knows about that day or hour, not even the Son, but the Father only.
By this statement we can understand that Jesus (PBUH) does not have the knowledge of a God.
Through millennia Christians have said that God is “knows all; sees all; and is everywhere at once”) then the question is this: “How could Jesus (PBUH) not know about the last day, if he is, as the Christians claim, God in human form? Surely, God (even as a human person) would know about the future, especially something as important as the last day, the Judgment and the end of the world.
17 And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God.
Here a man (Mark 10:17) has come to Jesus (PBUH) and asked him “Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?” Jesus’ (PBUH) replied “Why do you call me good? No one is good, except God alone.” We see from this verse that Jesus (PBUH) was somewhat insulted or perhaps shocked by how the man addressed him. He didn’t want to be called “good’ and if Jesus(PBUH) couldn’t bear to be called something so simple as ‘good’ then how could he possibly accept to be called ‘God’? Afterwards, he clearly tells us that only God is good, as a result, Jesus (PBUH) is leading us to the fact that he is not God because he is not good and only God is good.
By myself, I can do nothing: I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who has sent me.
Here, Jesus (PBUH) clearly tells us he cannot do anything, and the things he does are not for his own benefit or pleasure, but only to please God. He is saying in his own words that without God (by myself) he cannot do anything. (I can do nothing.). If, as the Christians say, Jesus (PBUH) is God or God reincarnate, then why can he not do anything by his own power?
That all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. That they may be one as we are one: I in them and you in me.
If the reader will read from the beginning of John Chapter 17, one will understand that Jesus (PBUH) was in prayer to God when he said those words (John 17:21-23) [John 17:1 “These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:]
It’s fair to say that when Jesus(PBUH) said “That they may be one as we are one” that he couldn’t have possibly meant to be one in the same body –God (the Father), Jesus (PBUH)(the son) and the twelve (12) disciples all one in the same body? What benefit would this create? Why would Jesus (PBUH) even suggest such a thing? No, in fact, reading ahead of this we see “That all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you” Logically thinking, “Just as you are in me and I am in you”…If Jesus (PBUH) were ‘in or inside’ of God, he would be in heaven with God; likewise, if God were in or inside of Jesus(PBUH) in a physical sense, then Jesus(PBUH) would be everywhere at once, know all things (even the last day as explained above) and God would have characteristics of a man, not of an almighty God. (i.e. He would feel hunger, feel thirst, need to excrete waste, and need to sleep. ALL of which Jesus (PBUH) did – which tells us Jesus was a man and could not be God!
Matthew 5:17-19Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them, but rather to fulfill them. I tell you the truth, until Heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of the pen; will by any means disappear from the Law until all things are accomplished. Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven. But whoever keeps the commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven.”
Matthew 7:21-23“Not everyone who says to me, Lord, Lord will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the Will of the Father who is in Heaven. Many will say to me on the day, Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your name drive out demons and perform many miracles? Then I will tell them plainly, I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers!”
Gabriel says Jesus will be “called the son of God” and he would be “given the Throne of David” to “rule the House of Jacob forever.”
There are many, many other locations throughout the Gospels and epistles (or ‘letters’) where the divinity of Jesus (PBUH) is claimed and assumed. But for the sake of accuracy and time, let us continue on to explore the actual authors. Knowing who the authors were of the Gospels and how they came to know what they know and write what they did, will clear up any misunderstandings of Jesus’ (PBUH) divinity.
In The Noble Qur’an, Jesus (PBUH) is mentioned many times as a Prophet of God. A Muslim cannot be a Muslim if he doesn’t accept that Jesus (PBUH) was a prophet of God. In fact, many people in the Old and New testaments of the Holy Bible, are described as ‘sons or daughters of God”.
Romans 8:14-15 “because those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship”.
Luke 3:38 “Enos was the son of Seth, and Seth was the son of Adam, and Adam was the son of God.”
And Jesus (PBUH) in The Noble Qur’an:
4:171 O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: nor say of Allah anything but the truth. Christ Jesus, the son of Mary was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a Spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not “Trinity”: desist: It will be better for you: For Allah is One God: Glory be to Him: (Far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.
3:59 Truly, the likeness of Jesus with God is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, and then said to him, ‘Be!’ and he was.
3:49I have come to you with a sign from your Lord: I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it and it becomes a bird by God’s leave. And I heal the blind, and the lepers, and I raise the dead by God’s leave.
3:50 To attest the law which was before me, and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden you; I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear God and obey me.